What is the difference between non-ionising radiation and ionising radiation?
Electromagnetic waves get carried by particles called quanta. Quanta of higher frequency (shorter wavelength waves) carry more energy than lower frequency/longer wavelength fields.
Ionising radiation: Some electromagnetic waves carry so much energy per quantum that they can break bonds between molecules. Higher-frequency EMFs, which include gamma rays and x-rays, are in the ionising radiation portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Such waves can cause direct damage to DNA or living cells.
Non-ionising radiation: Non-ionising radiation includes EMF frequencies are at the relatively long wavelength and low-frequency end of the electromagnetic spectrum. Unlike ionising radiation, their quanta are unable to break chemical bonds. Examples of non-ionising radiation include; magnetic fields from electric power lines, home appliances, static fields, radio waves, microwaves, infrared radiation, and visible light. Low- to mid-frequency EMFs include extremely low-frequency EMFs (ELF-EMFs) and radiofrequency EMFs.
This is an excerpt from a newsletter by Daniel McGaffin, Product Manager & Client Services Manager at Instrument Choice who stock a range of EMF Meters.
Sources of Non-Ionising EMF
There exist both natural and human-made sources of non-ionising EMFs.+
Natural: The Earth’s magnetic field, which causes the needle on a compass to point North, is an excellent example of a naturally occurring EMF.
Human-made: Human-made EMFs fall into the ELF and radiofrequency categories of the non-ionising areas of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Studies have shown that EMF’s of the NON ionising type, can also cause cell damage. Dr Martin Pall, Washington State University, has a number of published papers in which he investigated EMF damage that can occur to humans, plants and animals. Quite incredible that EMF will also damage plant cells. His conclusions stated that the EMFs damage VGCC (Voltage Gated Calcium Channels) in our cells which then allow calcium to enter the cell without regulation. The result of all this extra Calcium in the cell means that there is a huge amount of free radicals ready to damage the cell membrane and mitochondria. They also attack the DNA increasing the risk of chronic disease.
The free radical damage can cause serious mitochondrial damage linked to anxiety, dementia, autism, ADHD, cardiac arrhymias (fluttering or racing heart), depression and infertility